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 ATA > Korean Tradition > The Spatial Changes of the Traditional Korean Houses

The Spatial Changes of the Traditional Korean Houses Designated as National Cultural Properties in Chungcheong Province

Lee Juock, Han Pilwon / Proceeding of Architectural Institute of Korea, 2002 Autumn



The objective of this study is to analyze the spatial changes of the traditional Korean houses, in Chungcheong province, which are designated as national cultural properties. This study has a premise that the residents of those houses are forced to change their dwelling spaces in order to bridge the gap between the original spaces and current living pattern, though it is limited to change the houses by relevant regulations.

To objectify the concrete spatial changes, the space syntax model is applied to 7 cases, as a analysis tool. In this study, the present spatial organization of each case is compared with that of 20 years ago, to find out the spatial changes over past 20 years, which are summarized as follows;

The RRA (Real Relative Asymmetry) mean of all spatial elements including exterior spaces, madang, in all cases is increased during the 20 years. Especially, the increase ratio of the RRA mean, in most cases, is exceed by that of the RRA of both anbang and maru / daecheong that link outdoor and indoor. On the other hand, the increase ratio of kitchen is exceeded by that of the RRA mean in most cases. The RRA of kitchen was bigger than that of anbang in the past, which is reversed at the present.

The findings above are interpreted that the anbang comes to be more private, and the maru/daecheong come to be more closed. On the other hand, the kitchen has become more accessible from interior spaces.

Keywords: clan village; traditional settlement; water system; pond; waterway; natural purification