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 ATA > Korean Tradition > The Nature-Oriented Method

A Preliminary Study for the Nature-oriented Architectural Planning Method

(Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea, Vol.9 No.7, July 1993)


     The objective of this study is to establish a framework for nature-oriented architectural planning. This study comparatively examines Feng-shui and Environmental ecology, which are two theories concerned with the interrelationship of man and nature. The analytic framework consists of three points: the views on nature and development, the considerations in the steps of planning process, and the relationship of architectural form to nature. This study shows that in both theories,  nature is viewed quite differently from the Judeo-Christian tradition prevalent in the field of architecture. Therefore,  in order to develop a nature-oriented planning model, it is necessary to change our view of nature. Secondly, some implications are to be derived from the two theories for each of the planning stages. Finally, while Feng-shui serves as basis to judge the aesthetics of landscape and individual building forms, the Environmental ecology lays stress on the identity of whole environment and the fitness of individual forms. The study concludes with suggestions for the basic requirements of a nature-oriented planning methodology.