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A Comparative Study of the spatial Structures of Korean Clan Villages and Chinese Water Villages

- With Reference to the Architectural Characteristics of Social Facilities -

(Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea, Vol.16 No.4, April 2000)


The Korean Clan Village and the Chinese Water Village are two of the most typical settlement types in East Asia. The objective of this study is to clarify the identities of their spatial structures by comparing their social facilities. In the study, the architectural characteristics of Jeongja, the typical social facility of the Korean Clan Village, and Qilou and Langqiao, those of Chinese Water Villages, are comparatively discussed. A critical difference between the two types is that while the Jeongja looks outward beyond the settlement territory, the Qilou and Langqiao face inward toward the inside of a settlement. Through the study, it has been shown that the architectural characteristics of social facilities reveal the methods by which settlement territories are formed. The Clan Village defines its territorial boundary more clearly than the Water Village. The former, however, unlike the latter, relates its territory to the outside environment mainly by means of the Jeongja. The latter is organized into an articulated settlement space mainly by means of the Qilou and Langqiao, both of which integrate with the roads of a village.